Version control is essential to the success of any software project. It provides the ability for multiple developers to work on the same codebase simultaneously and allows projects to be versioned for release. However, a great deal of programmers fail to leverage the great benefits of version control for their personal projects.
Luckily, Git and TortoiseGit are extremely easy to install and configure on Windows. Now, there's no excuse not to version control your code!
Here are the topics we will cover today:
- Install Git
- Install Tortoise Git
- Create a new Git repository
- Add an initial codebase to the Git repository
- Change a file and commit
- Clone the repository
These are the installation options I used to install Git-126.96.36.199-preview20100309.exe on Windows
Note: You can enable the options to show a Git GUI or Bash shell if you want that option to be available every time you right-click on something in Windows Explorer. I just didn't want that much space taken up on my right-click men
Lastly, be sure you point your system path to wherever the Git installation resides on your machine.
Install Tortoise Git
Download, Install, and restart your machine.
Create a new Git repository
- Create a folder -- I'm using D:\repo -- to be used for your Git repository.
- Right-click the folder and select Git Create Repository Here
You should now be greeted with the following message
Add an initial codebase to the Git repository
- Copy your source files to the git folder.
- Right click on the folder and select Git Commit
- In this case, I added two files. I'm going to check both of them
- click OK.
Now we have a legitimate repository with actual files in it.
Change a file and commit
Now you can change, add, or delete files within the repository. Once you are ready to commit back to the repository, right click and select Git Commit just like above.
Clone the repository
Cloning is one of the great features of Git, and while it isn't necessarily important for solo projects, it is important enough to mention here.
- Tortoise allows you to clone projects by right clicking on the desired clone folder and selecting Clone
- In the dialog, select the parent repository.
- Click OK
- Now, the cloned repository will be synced up with the main repository. This is useful for multi-person teams.
Git and TortoiseGit make it extremely easy to get personal version control up and running on your machine. Now you can develop your projects with the piece of mind that version control provides with little hassle and setup.